IPR Law -
Intellectual Property Rights

Geographical Indication

A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that come from a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or reputation due to that origin. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place. The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 along with the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Rules, 2002 came into force on September 15, 2003, to provide legal protection to goods that can be identified as originating or manufactured in the territory of a country, or region or locality in that territory where a given quality, reputation or other characteristics of such goods is essentially attributable to its geographical conditions. In the case where such goods are manufactured goods, one of the activities of production, processing or preparation of the goods concerned takes place in such territory or locality as the case may be.

Our Strengths

We understand the commercial value and importance of products that are of a certain quality due to geographical conditions. Therefore, we assist our clients in the rightful protection and utilization of their products of specific geographic origin such that their legal claim is secured and they can maximize their goodwill and returns on such products.

Areas of Expertise


  • Assistance with filing with at the Office of the GI Registry
  • Appropriate use one of the three approaches for GI protection based on the product features -
    • sui generis systems (i.e. special regimes of protection);
    • collective or certification marks; and
    • methods focusing on business practices, including administrative product approval schemes.

Advisory and Consultation

  • Application against the rejection of registration, prosecution, and litigation in case of opposition for client's GI request
  • Provision of qualified advice and legal support in the renewal of registration and protection against infringement of clients' GI